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Omega2 Dash Guide

Omega2 Dash Guide

Welcome to the ultimate guide on the Omega2 Dash, the latest addition to the Omega2 family that combines the Omega2 with a touchscreen TFT display. 

First Time Setup

This guide will help you set up your Omega2 Dash for the first time. We’ll cover:

  • Powering up the Omega2 Dash
  • Using the Setup Wizard to have it connect to your WiFi network and update the software
 

If you experience issues at any point in the process, try checking our Troubleshooting guide, or our guide on First Time Setup using the Command Line

 

Unboxing and Getting the Hardware Ready

Unpack 

Unpack the Omega2 Dash

Provide Power

Provide power to the Omega2 Dash through the MicroUSB port.

Power On!

Turn on the Omega2 Dash using the switch.

Wait till it boots

The amber Omega status LED beside the Onion logo on the side with the TFT display should turn on and then start blinking after about 10 seconds. In about a minute, the LED will stop blinking and remain solid, this means that the Omega has completed its boot sequence!

The display will then show a welcome message:

Using the Setup Wizard

Some Computer Configuration

Your computer may need some additional programs to access the Omega through a browser:

  • If you are using Windows, install Apple’s Bonjour Service
  • If you are using Mac OS X, you’re all set to go
  • If you are using Linux, the Zeroconf services should already be installed and you will be good to go

The Omega’s Name

Let’s find your Omega’s name before going any further.

There’s a sticker on the shielding of the Omega2S module on the Omega2 Dash

The text printed below the bar code is the Omega2 Dash’s unique MAC address, we’re interested in the last four digits. Your Omega’s name is Omega-XXXX where XXXX are the last four digits from the sticker.

So the Omega from the picture above is named Omega-B0E4

Connect to the Omega’s WiFi Network

The Omega hosts it’s own WiFi network access point. Lets connect your computer to it. The WiFi network is named the same as your Omega and the default password is 12345678

The Setup Wizard

Open your favourite browser and navigate to http://omega-XXXX.local/ where XXXX are the same characters from the network name above. If the page doesn’t load, you can also browse to http://192.168.3.1

You have now arrived at the Setup Wizard, hit Continue to get started:

Login with the Omega’s default credentials:

username: root
password: onioneer

Connect to WiFi

After you’ve logged in, the Omega will scan the environment for available networks and will show the results in a list. In our case, we want to connect to the WiFi network (creatively) named MyWiFiNetwork, so we’ll go ahead and click on it:

This will open a prompt to enter the network password, if the network requires a password:

Notice how you’ll only be able to click Join when the password length requirements have been met:

Once you click Join, your Omega will attempt to join the network. This might take up to a minute.

It’s possible that your computer will disconnect from the Omega’s WiFi Access Point, make sure to reconnect if that happens!

When to Omega starts connecting, the Blue WiFi LED on the Omega2 Dash will start to blink. 

When the connection is successful, the LED will turn solid, and the setup wizard will let you know the connection is successful before moving on to the next step.

Software Updates

Last step! Now that your Omega is connected to the internet, it will check if software updates are required.

If updates are available, you’ll be able to update by clicking the Update Now button.

Something really important to remember about the update process: it’s absolutely critical that you keep your Omega plugged in and powered on during the update process. The whole process will last about 5 minutes and then you’ll be ready to start making awesome things with your Omega:

Your Omega will download the updates and install them. The amber LED on your Omega will be blinking at this point.

Finally, your Omega will reboot and initialize the new software. You’ll know everything is done when the amber status LED on your Omega stops blinking and remains on.

When that happens, press Continue. That brings us to the end of the Setup Wizard, your Omega is now configured and ready to go!

From now on, when you point your browser to your Omega, you’ll be taken directly to OnionOS.

The Setup Wizard Didn’t Work for me!

If for some reason the Setup Wizard wasn’t able to get your Omega up and running, try the steps in the First Time Setup using the Command Line guide or see the Troubleshooting guide.

What’s next? Where can I get more information?

Next you’ll most likely want to connect to the Omega’s command line. Beyond that, you can check out our extensive documentation on using the Omega.

If you’re interested in the web-based OnionOS virtual desktop, check out the OnionOS getting started guide.

Using the Omega2 Dash

Here we’ll cover some of the awesome things you can do with the Omega2 Dash.

Removing or Changing the Boot Message
Controlling the Brightness of the Backlight
Writing text on the display - and adding color!
Showing images on the display
Taking screenshots of the display
LittleV Graphics Library Quickstart
GPIOs & Expansion Header
The Status LEDs

Removing or Changing the Boot Message

By default, the Omega2 Dash is configured to show this “splash screen” when it boots:

The  /etc/rc.local script mechanism is used to draw this splash screen right when your device finishes booting.

Read more about running commands automatically at boot in our documentation.

Removing the Boot Message

Open the /etc/rc.local script file and you’ll see something like the following:

# Put your custom commands here that should be executed once
# the system init finished. By default this file runs the
# Omega2 Dash initialization script.

# disable the blinking cursor
echo 0 > /sys/class/graphics/fbcon/cursor_blink

# display the splash screen text
/usr/bin/o2-dash-init > /dev/tty1

exit 0

This line is the one that writes the spash screen to the display:

/usr/bin/o2-dash-init > /dev/tty1

To stop the boot message from being displayed every time your Omega2 Dash boots, comment out the line by adding # to the beginning:

#/usr/bin/o2-dash-init > /dev/tty1

Save your changes and exit. Next time you turn on the Omega2 Dash, there will be no boot message.

Btw, you’ll notice how we also disable the blinking cursor. You can comment out that line as well if you want to keep it enabled.

 

Changing the Boot Message

Instead of completely removing the boot message, you can change it to whatever you like.

Breaking down the command from above:

/usr/bin/o2-dash-init > /dev/tty1

You’ll see that the output of the /usr/bin/o2-dash-init script gets written to the Omega2 Dash’s display device, /dev/tty1 (more on that below). If you open /usr/bin/o2-dash-init, you’ll find that it’s a shell script like any other.

Change the text output of the o2-dash-init script, and you’ll change your boot message. Simple!

Keep reading to learn about more about writing text or drawing images on the display

Backlight Control

Backlight is controlled by GPIO21 (PWM Channel 3)

  • 100% duty cycle = min brightness
  • 0% duty cycle = max brightness
# set to 50% brightness
omega2-ctrl gpiomux set uart2 pwm23 onion pwm 3 50 120
# set to max brightness omega2-ctrl gpiomux set uart2 pwm23 onion pwm 3 0 120

The second-last argument controls the PWM duty cycle ie the brightness of the screen.

Writing Text on the Display

By default, the framebuffer is connected to the /dev/tty1 virtual device.

So, whatever is sent to  /dev/tty1 will be displayed  on the screen.

Try it out:

echo "Hello world, it's the Omega2 Dash" > /dev/tty1

To clear the screen:

clear > /dev/tty1

 

But that’s not all, using ANSI escape characters we can add color!

echo -e "\033[94mWow\033[0m! So \033[92mmuch\033[0m \033[91mroom\033[0m for \033[4mactivities\033[0m" > /dev/tty1

Looking at the command it might seem confusing but it’s straightforward.

Take \033[94mWow\033[0m,

  • \033 acts as an escape character
  • [94m sets the color to bright blue
  • Wow is the text
  • \033[0m resets the text to default.

Learn more about ANSI escape characters here and here, and see this list of color codes.

Taking this one step further, we can incorporate ANSI escape characters in our scripts and programs.

For example, check out this Python program that loops through the available colors:

import sys
for i in range(0, 14):
    for j in range(0, 16):
        code = str(i * 16 + j)
        sys.stdout.write(u"\033[38;5;" + code + "m " + code.ljust(4))
    print(u"\033[0m")

Run it on your Omega2 Dash and pipe the output to /dev/tty1:

python3 color.py > /dev/tty1

We’ve also put together a little Python script that makes it easy to color your text.

python3 colorMessage.py > /dev/tty1

Source code available on GitHub.

Displaying Images

The Omega2 Dash uses a small application called fbi to draw jpg and png images to the TFT display. It comes preloaded as part of the operating system on the Omega2 Dash and it’s actually really handy.

First, disable the blinking cursor

Before we start, let’s disable the blinking cursor on the display so it doesn’t get in the way of our images. Run this on the command line:

echo 0 > /sys/class/graphics/fbcon/cursor_blink

More info on controlling the display can be found on the Omega2-Dash repo on GitHub.

Displaying images from the Omega’s filesystem

First and foremost, let’s display an image that we have on the Omega’s filesystem.

If you’re curious about how to transfer images to your Omega, see our documentation article on the subject.

The command is straight-forward:

fbi -d /dev/fb0 -notty -nocomments --noverbose <PATH TO FILE>

We have an onion-logo.png file in the /root directory, so we can do this:

cd /root
fbi -d /dev/fb0 -notty -nocomments --noverbose onion-logo.png

When the image is displayed, you can choose to leave it there, or hit Enter to clear the screen:

Downloading and displaying images

It’s also pretty handy to download an image from the internet and display it. We’ve put together a small script to do just that, it can be found here in the Omega2-Dash repo on GitHub.

The script will download the image file to the Omega, name it with a timestamp, and display it to the screen. Here’s how to run it:

sh image-dl-display.sh <URL TO IMAGE>

A festive example:

sh image-dl-display.sh https://deepundergroundpoetry.com/images/uploads/poemimages/330742.jpg?1545072728

Slideshow!

One more thing, you can also display images one after the other, like a slide show. Just add the images to the fbi command:

fbi -d /dev/fb0 -notty -nocomments --noverbose <FIRST IMAGE> <SECOND IMAGE> <THIRD IMAGE> <ETC>

Hit Enter or Space to move on to the next image

We had a nice little collection for our slideshow:

fbi -d /dev/fb0 -notty -nocomments --noverbose onion-logo.png omega2-pinout.png map.png img_2019-12-23_16-24-09.jpg img_2019-12-23_16-08-38.jpg img_2019-12-23_16-22-47.jpg

Taking Screenshots

At some point, you’ll run into a situation where you want to capture what’s on the display of your Omega2 Dash. Luckily, it’s possible to take a screenshot with ffmpeg!

A little bit of setup is required. First, you’ll need to enable the OpenWRT package repos, see our documentation article on the subject for a step-by-step guide.

Next, we’ll install ffmpeg:

opkg update
opkg install ffmpeg

Now ffmpeg can be used to take screenshots of whatever’s on the display. 

But instead of memorizing a long command, you can use this bash script:

#!/bin/sh
## create a screenshot from what's currently on the display
ffmpeg \ -vcodec rawvideo \ -f rawvideo \ -pix_fmt rgb565 \ -s 320x240 \ -i /dev/fb0 \ \ -f image2 \ -vcodec mjpeg \ screen-shot-`date +'%s'`.jpg

When the script is run, you’ll get a jpg of whatever is on the screen, named according to the current time and date.

The screenshot script can also be found on the Omega2-Dash repo on GitHub.

LVGL Quickstart Template

To make GUI development for the Omega2 Dash quick and easy, we’ve designed the Omega2 Dash to be compatible with the LittleV Graphics Library. LittlevGL (lvgl) is a free and open-source graphics library that has everything you need to create an embedded GUI with easy-to-use graphical elements and visual effects. Take a look at the LittleVGL website to get an idea of the available graphical elements and themes.

To get started quickly with building your own UI for the Omega2 Dash, we’re sharing our lvgl quickstart template! It’s a pre-configured lvgl C project that supports drawing to the Omega2 Dash display and reading touch input. It also includes a makefile and instructions to build it as an OpenWRT Linux package.

You can use this template as a time-saving starting point for building your own UI for the Omega2 Dash! 

We’ve added ~10 lines of demo code that draws a button and executes a callback whenever it’s pressed. Start there and build your own amazing UI.

The Omega2 Dash lvgl template can be found on on GitHub, along with instructions on how to test drive it on your own Omega2 Dash.

GPIOs & Expansion Header

The Omega2 Dash features a 30-pin Expansion Header that gives you easy access to the GPIOs, and allows you to connect Omega2 Expansions directly.

To learn more about using the GPIOs, electrical ratings, and pin multiplexing, see our GPIO documentation article.

The Omega2 Dash is compatible with the existing ecosystem of plug-and-play Omega2 expansions.

The Status LEDs

The Omega2 Dash features two LEDs to provide visual feedback on the current status of the device:

Status LEDIndicates
Amber System status LEDWhether Linux OS has booted
Blue Wi-Fi status LEDConnection to a Wi-Fi network is active

And what the behaviour of the LEDs indicates:

  • System status LED
    • Off – Device not powered on
    • Blinking – Booting/updating
    • On – Up and running
  • WiFi status LED
    • Off – Not connected to WiFi network
    • Blinking – Connecting
    • On – Connected
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